Climate Change Adaptation



The purpose of this RDI-led project is to pilot, evaluate, refine, and support uptake of the State of Climate Adaptation and Resilience in the Basin (SoCARB) indicator suite. SoCARB was developed in 2014 as a result of a research partnership between Columbia Basin Trust’s Communities Adapting to Climate Change Initiative and the RDI (see below for more information on the development of SoCARB). It is a “made in the Basin-Boundary” approach to measuring progress in adapting to climate change.

Phase 1 of our State of Climate Adaptation project ended in fall 2017 and involved piloting the indicator suite in two communities to:

  1. produce community-level State of Climate Adaptation reports;
  2. conduct an evaluation of the Phase 1 pilot to inform refinement of the indicator suite and implementation process; and
  3. refine SoCARB to improve its applicability to the Basin-Boundary context.

Phase 2 is now underway and involves:

  1. implementing the refined SoCARB suite and process in 2 additional pilot communities; and
  2. producing a toolkit to promote implementation of SoCARB by additional communities.

Phase 1 pilot communities included: Kimberley (view full report, view summary report) and Rossland (view full report, view summary report)

Phase 2 pilot communities include: Regional District of Central Kootenay Area J and Regional District of East Kootenay Area F



The RDI partnered with Columbia Basin Trust’s Communities Adapting to Climate Change Initiative on a project in 2014, which sought to measure the Basin’s progress on climate adaptation and climate resilience using indicators. Indicators are helpful for informing residents, organizations, and governments regarding key trends in climate adaptation and resilience, facilitating understanding of complex issues, evaluating the effectiveness of various adaptation measures, and motivating change.

Technical work was completed and three knowledge products related to the project were created:

Summary Report: Measuring Progress on climate change adaptation in the Columbia Basin

Final Report: Indicators of climate adaptation in the Columbia Basin

Climate resilience indicator literature review

The goals of the project was to develop a suite of regional-level climate change indicators to measure community climate adaptation efforts, assist communities in understanding climate change and adaptation, help decision makers in the Basin make informed decisions and measure the success of adaptation efforts. The resulting State of Climate Adaptation and Resilience in the Basin (SoCARB) indicator suite builds on current State of the Basin indicators that effectively can measure an aspect of climate adaptation.

The primary audiences for this work are local governments and engaged community members in the Columbia Basin. As such, local government representatives—both staff and decision makers—were engaged early in the process to ensure that the products developed were useful for them. Secondary audiences include Basin residents, businesses, and community groups, as well as other organizations, governments and researchers in Canada interested in measuring climate adaptation using indicators.

Moreover, the conceptual models developed and process utilized to create the SoCARB should be applicable to other communities or agencies in Canada interested in developing their own “State of Climate Adaptation” program.



The Rural Development Institute (RDI), with support from the Rural Policy Learning Commons and the BC Real Estate Foundation have written 3 knowledge briefs relating to climate change adaptation. The knowledge briefs, short summaries of the key points from academic and grey literature, aim to help those looking to better understand this complicated topic.


This project is receiving financial support from our sponsors: